When it comes to selecting electrical outlets, there are a lot of options to consider. This guide provides an overview of the common types of outlets and the level of safety protection they bring to the home. Outlet types include two-pronged receptacle, grounded receptacle, tamper-resistant receptacle, arc fault circuit interrupter receptacle, surge suppression receptacle and USB receptacle.
Recommended Installation Location
Provided electricity to plugged in appliance.
Installed Prior to 1962.
Third prong (ground) reduces the risk of electric shock and protects equipment from electrical damage.
Grounding-type receptacles were first required for all 15 and 20-ampere receptacle outlets in the 1971 edition of the National Electrical Code (NEC).
Mandated by NEC in all areas unless otherwise specified.
Prevents shock by quickly shutting off power to the circuit if the electricity flowing into the circuit differs from that returning, indicating a leakage current.
GFCIs shut off electric power in the event of a ground fault within as little as 1/40 of a second.
Installed in areas where water and electricity are in close proximity, such as bathrooms, garages, kitchens, laundry areas, and any receptacles located outdoors.
Surge Suppression Receptacle
Protects sensitive electronic equipment from transient surges.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) estimates that 60-80% of surges are created within the building, such as when large appliances, like air conditioners, turn on and off.
Not required by the NEC, though often installed in rooms containing costly devices such as computers, TVs or refrigerators.
Provides a permanent Universal Serial Bus (USB) connection source.
Over 10 billion electrical devices in use today charge via a USB cable.
Offers a permanent adaption for devices requiring a USB terminal for power or
charging as needed for convenience. Not required by the NEC.
Often used interchangeably, a “receptacle” is the “female” counterpart to a plug that provides access to electricity while an “outlet” can be any access point to wiring, such as light fixtures or receptacles.
Out with the old: All outlet installation should be performed by a qualified electrician.Some receptacles may combine more than one technology such as: